* Gradually, Gaul (which included modern France) was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people who also lived in Britain. They were not only warriors and farmers, but also excellent craftsmen. Did you know that they invented wooden barrels and soap?
* Surrounded by the Roman Empire, Gaul was finally conquered by Julius Caesar’s army in 52 BC. The most important battle was the siege at Alesia which ended with the capture of the chief of the Gauls, Vercingetorix.
A map of the Roman empire right after the conquest of the Gauls
Vercingetorix lays down his arms in front of Julius Caesar
Painting representing Vercingetorix giving his weapons to Cesar. It is a symbolic gesture to show he surrenders.
* Gradually, the cultures of the Gauls and the Romans merged to create what is known as the Gallo-Roman society. The Romans brought roads, bridges and baths to Gaul, whilst the Gauls shared their craftmanship. Gaul then experienced three centuries of peace.
The famous "Pont du Gard", symbol of Gaul’s prosperity.