France and Gulf countries discuss key regional and global issues
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf – Communiqué issued by the Presidency of the Republic
Riyadh, 5 May 2015
At their meeting in Riyadh on 5 May 2015, the heads of state of the CCASG invited French President François Hollande to take part in their work. This initiative testifies to CCASG states’ respect for France’s active and positive policy in the Middle East.
Indeed, this strategic region is experiencing a difficult period involving the destabilization of several states, the growth of international terrorism, and interference by certain states and movements in the affairs of other states. This situation is dangerous for regional and international security and affects the economic and social development to which the peoples of the Middle East aspire.
The heads of state of the CCASG and the French Republic discussed measures likely to restore regional stability, and they call on the international community to:
reaffirm the right of the region’s states to respect for their independence, their territorial integrity, the inviolability of their borders and their national sovereignty, free from external interference;
Fight against terrorism
firmly condemn every form of international terrorism and oppose the destabilizing actions of Daesh [ISIL], al-Qaeda and their allies in the Middle East and all over the world. The CCASG member states and France confirm their determination to fight against terrorism and take all the necessary steps to dry up the sources of funding of the Daesh terrorist organization;
do everything in its power to prevent nuclear proliferation in the Middle East and, in particular, promote a robust, lasting, verifiable agreement in the framework of the 5+1 negotiations with Iran. The CCASG states and France call on Iran to take the essential courageous decisions to reassure the international community about the peaceful nature of its nuclear programme and about its desire to establish trustful relations with the region’s states, in accordance with the principles of international law and those of the United Nations, based on good neighbourliness and prohibiting interference in the internal affairs of states and the use of force or any threat of force;
support the efforts of Yemen’s legitimate government to conduct a comprehensive political process and restore peace to the country, in consultation with the CCASG, the UN and the Friends of Yemen. They lend their full support to the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Yemen, Mr Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, in his efforts as mediator between the Yemeni parties. They call for a peaceful political transition phase to be prepared in line with the CCASG countries’ initiative and its executive mechanism, with the conclusions of national dialogue, with the complete and precise implementation of international Security Council Resolution 2216 (2015) and with the [other] relevant Security Council resolutions;
support the Iraqi government’s efforts to promote national reconciliation and rid Iraq of the threat of Daesh [ISIL], with the full participation of all segments of its people through the complete implementation of the reform programme decided on last summer;
support efforts to end the suffering of the Syrian people by implementing without delay a political transition process in conformity with the Geneva I principles and providing the Syrian people with assistance to cope with the violence which Bashar al-Assad’s regime and Daesh [ISIL] are committing, and translate into action the Syrian people’s aspirations to a united, democratic and independent Syria, respectful of human rights and the diverse communities;
encourage the efforts to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict by calling on the international Security Council to define the timetable for negotiations, while supporting the international community’s contribution in the framework of the Arab Peace Initiative;
show its concern about the upsurge in acts of violence and terrorism which threaten Libya’s security, stability and unity, by confirming support for the legitimate elected parliament, by supporting the efforts of Mr Bernardino León, the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Representative [for Libya], to restart the comprehensive national dialogue between all segments of the Libyan people and by calling on all factions of the Libyan people to shoulder their national responsibilities and conclude without delay an agreement establishing a national unity government in that framework;
bolster Lebanon’s independence, sovereignty and unity by strengthening its institutions, especially its army, and by calling on the parties concerned to elect a president without delay;
contribute to Egypt’s stabilization and development by continuing cooperation with and assistance to that great country, essential to stability in the region.
Middle East stability
The CCASG states and France welcome their significant agreement on objectives and methods for ensuring stability in the Middle East, a strategic region for international security. They pledge to strengthen political consultation and their cooperation in every field, for the benefit of their peoples.
France intends to develop its engagement with the CCASG states in the framework of a strategic partnership involving technology transfers, the training of young people, large-scale mutual investment via joint ventures in innovative sectors, and enhanced cooperation in the security and defence fields.
The CCASG states and France confirm their cooperation to ensure the success of the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, to be held in Paris from 30 November to 11 December 2015. Together they pledge to make progress on the more immediate issues in the framework of the preparatory work planned in June.
The CCASG states and France confirm that the 5 May meeting in Riyadh is regarded as the starting-point for a strategic partnership between France and the CCASG states./.