History

  • History - When it all began: French prehistory

    When it all began: French prehistory
    * The early forms of homo sapiens, from which we are all descended, evolved hundreds of thousands of years ago and experts think that all modern humans have a common origin in (...)

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  • History - The Gauls and the Romans

    The Gauls and the Romans
    * Gradually, Gaul (which included modern France) was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people who also lived in Britain. They were not only warriors and farmers, but also excellent (...)

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  • History - French Monarchy

    French Monarchy
    * The Roman Empire collapsed in 476 AD. For Gaul, the fall of Rome marked the beginning of 13 centuries of monarchy, with several successive dynasties right through the Middle Ages and the (...)

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  • History - The French Revolution: 1789-1799

    [!sommaire] The French Revolution: 1789-1799
    The Revolution ended the Ancien Régime, the name often given to French society and the French government in the 100 or so years preceding it, and led to the birth of (...)

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  • History - Napoleon

    [!sommaire] Napoleon
    * Despite the ideals it proclaimed, the French Revolution rapidly became a military dictatorship. The fight for power raged until the coup d’état of the successful general Napoleon Bonaparte and (...)

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  • History - Nineteenth century

    Nineteenth century
    * During the nineteenth century, France had many forms of government: the Consulate (1799-1804), First Empire (1804-1814), Restoration (1814-1830), July Monarchy (1830-1848), Second Republic (...)

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  • History - Twentieth century

    Twentieth century
    Finally, France chose to be a Republic, with a president and not a king. Proclaimed in 1870, the Third Republic lasted until 1940. In 1904, France and Britain signed the Entente Cordiale, an (...)

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  • History - And now

    And NOW
    * Today France is still governed according to the Constitution of the Fifth Republic.
    The three powers are separated from each other:
    Legislative power is exercised by two assemblies: the "Assemblée (...)

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